(Borrelia burgdorferi & Borrelia mayonii)
18 - 24
18 - 24
- Not all individuals infected will experience symptoms.
- Symptoms typically occur 3-30 days after a tick bite.
- 70-80% of infected individuals, will experience a rash around the site of infection that may resemble a bullseye mark.
- The rash can spread to different areas of the body as the infection spreads.
- Flu-like symptoms are common and include
- Headache, fatigue and chills
- Fever, muscle and joint aches
- Changes in vision, and tingling and numbness may occur.
- Lyme infections caused by Borrelia mayonii may also lead to nausea and vomiting in some individuals.
- Clinical signs and a history of exposure are most often used for diagnosis.
- Serological testing is performed with a 2-part test.
- EIA- Enzyme Immunoassay
- Immunoblot/Western Blot
- The first part must be positive before the second part will be performed and both must be positive for Lyme confirmation.
Diagnosis & Testing
CDC Treatment Recommendation
- Adults: Doxycycline 100mg- 2x daily, Cefuroxime axetil 500mg- 2x daily, or Amoxicillin 500mg- 3x daily for 10-21 days
- Children: Doxycycline 4mg/kg divided into 2 doses daily, Cefuroxime axetil 30mg/kg divided into 2 doses daily, or Amoxicillin 50mg/kg divided into 2 doses daily for 10-21 days
- Early Lyme (Localized) : A rash near the site of tick attachment, sometimes resembling a bullseye mark may be present. A bullseye rash or atypical rash may appear on other regions of the body.
- Early Lyme (Disseminated) : Throughout several weeks, infection will spread to the joints, eyes, heart and the nervous system. Multiple rashes on the body may also be present.
- Late Lyme (Disseminated) : Bacteria can become dormant and reemerge weeks, months or possibly years after initial infection. Long term effects include arthritis of the joints, Lyme encephalopathy, or nervous system complications.